Reich explored these ideas further in his frequently recorded pieces " Music for a Large Ensemble " and "Octet" In these two works, Reich experimented with "the human breath as the measure of musical duration … the chords played by the trumpets are written to take one comfortable breath to perform" liner notes for "Music for a Large Ensemble".
Human voices are part of the musical palette in "Music for a Large Ensemble" but the wordless vocal parts simply form part of the texture as they do in "Drumming". With "Octet" and his first orchestral piece " Variations for Winds, Strings and Keyboards " also , Reich's music showed the influence of Biblical cantillation , which he had studied in Israel since the summer of After this, the human voice singing a text would play an increasingly important role in Reich's music.
In the late s Reich published a book, "Writings About Music", containing essays on his philosophy, aesthetics, and musical projects written between and The work is in four parts, and is scored for an ensemble of four women's voices one high soprano , two lyric sopranos and one alto , piccolo , flute , oboe , english horn , two clarinet s, six percussion playing small tuned tambourine s without jingles, clapping, maraca s, marimba , vibraphone and crotales , two electronic organ s, two violin s, viola , cello and double bass , with amplified voices, strings, and winds.
Use of formal counterpoint and functional harmony also contrasts with the loosely structured minimalist works written previously. In "Different Trains" Reich compares and contrasts his childhood memories of his train journeys between New York and California in with the very different trains being used to transport contemporaneous European children to their deaths under Nazi rule.
The work, for percussion, voices, and strings, is a musical documentary , named for the Cave of Machpelah in Hebron , where a mosque now stands and Abraham is said to have been buried. The two collaborated again on the opera " Three Tales ", which concerns the Hindenburg disaster , the testing of nuclear weapon s on Bikini Atoll , and other more modern concerns, specifically Dolly the sheep , cloning , and the technological singularity.
As well as pieces using sampling techniques, like "Three Tales" and "City Life" , Reich also returned to composing purely instrumental works for the concert hall, starting with "Triple Quartet" written for the Kronos Quartet that can either be performed by string quartet and tape, three string quartets or piece string orchestra.
This series continued with "Dance Patterns" , "Cello Counterpoint" , and sequence of works centered around Variations: "You Are Variations " , a work which looks back to the vocal writing of works like "Tehillim" or "The Desert Music", " Variations for Vibes, Pianos, and Strings " , for the London Sinfonietta and "Daniel Variations" In an interview with " The Guardian ", Reich stated that he continues to follow this direction with a yet unnamed piece commissioned by eighth blackbird , an American ensemble consisting of the instrumental quintet flute , clarinet , violin or viola , cello and piano of Schoenberg 's piece " Pierrot Lunaire " plus percussion.
Reich thinks that it will again be with tape, and he also states that he is thinking about Stravinsky's "Agon" as a model for the instrumental writing.
Black Emperor composed a song, unreleased, entitled "Steve Reich". This connection has been honored in a album by DJs and electronic musicians, "Reich Remixed", released on Nonesuch Records.
Reich's " Come Out " and " It's Gonna Rain " are cited as early examples of how minimalist music evolved in tandem with advances in technology, and have served as templates for the application of loops and delay in contemporary electronic dance music. Completes Abraham and Isaac. First staging of The Flood Hamburg. Begins orchestral Variations.
Assassination of Kennedy. Moves to a larger, more accessible house in the same West Hollywood street. Premiere of Abraham and Isaac in Jerusalem, under Craft. Introitus in memory of T. Begins Requiem Canticles for Princeton University. Continues punishing conducting schudule in his 83rd year, including a European tour.
CBS film by Rolf Liebermann. Last full year of conducting tours, which he is advised by his doctor to give up. Premiere of Requiem Canticles under Craft Princeton. Conducts for the last time Toronto. Is twice hospitalised, with bleeding ulcers and a thrombosis.
In a state of extreme physical decline, flies to Europe and settles for the summer at Evian on the French shore of Lake Geneva , where he is visited by members of his family and photographed by Lord Snowdon.
Dies in New York 6 April. After a funeral service in New York, his body is transported to Venice and buried there on the island of San Michele. Home Composers Composer Index. Search Catalogue. First trip abroad, with his parents to Bad Homburg, near Frankfurt. Death of his older brother Roman. Tarantella for piano ms. Storm Cloud for voice and piano FM.
Scherzo for piano FM. Sonata in F sharp minor for piano FM. Cantata for mixed choir and piano presumed lost. Begins regular study with Rimsky. Marries Catherine Nossenko. Conductor and Tarantula for voice and piano presumed lost. Symphony in Eb op. Faun and Sheperdess op.
Pastorale for soprano and piano Sch. Scherzo Fantastique op. Fireworks op. Four Studies op. Kobold Grieg orchestrated by the composer. Khovanshchina Mussorgsky Orchestrations from the opera Br. Pribaoutki for medium voice and eight instruments Ch. Three Easy Pieces for piano duet Ch. Berceuses du chat for medium voice and three clarinets Ch.
With Ballets Russes in Spain. Completes Renard. The increased number of performers resulted in more scope for psychoacoustic effects, which fascinated Reich, and he noted that he would like to "explore this idea further". Reich remarked that this one work contained more harmonic movement in the first five minutes than any other work he had written.
Reich explored these ideas further in his frequently recorded pieces Music for a Large Ensemble and Octet In these two works, Reich experimented with "the human breath as the measure of musical duration With Octet and his first orchestral piece Variations for Winds, Strings and Keyboards also , Reich's music showed the influence of Biblical cantillation , which he had studied in Israel since the summer of After this, the human voice singing a text would play an increasingly important role in Reich's music.
The technique [ If you take away the text, you're left with the idea of putting together small motives to make longer melodies — a technique I had not encountered before. In Reich published the book Writings About Music , containing essays on his philosophy, aesthetics, and musical projects written between and An updated and much more extensive collection, Writings On Music — , was published in Reich's work took on a darker character in the s with the introduction of historical themes as well as themes from his Jewish heritage.
Tehillim , Hebrew for psalms , is the first of Reich's works to draw explicitly on his Jewish background. The work is in four parts, and is scored for an ensemble of four women's voices one high soprano , two lyric sopranos and one alto , piccolo , flute , oboe , English horn , two clarinets , six percussion playing small tuned tambourines without jingles, clapping, maracas , marimba , vibraphone and crotales , two electronic organs , two violins, viola , cello and double bass , with amplified voices, strings, and winds.
A setting of texts from Psalms —5 —4 in Christian translations , —15 —14 , —27 —26 , and —6, Tehillim is a departure from Reich's other work in its formal structure; the setting of texts several lines long rather than the fragments used in previous works makes melody a substantive element. Use of formal counterpoint and functional harmony also contrasts with the loosely structured minimalist works written previously.
Different Trains , for string quartet and tape, uses recorded speech, as in his earlier works, but this time as a melodic rather than a rhythmic element. In Different Trains , Reich compares and contrasts his childhood memories of his train journeys between New York and California in — with the very different trains being used to transport contemporaneous European children to their deaths under Nazi rule.
The composition was described by Richard Taruskin as "the only adequate musical response—one of the few adequate artistic responses in any medium—to the Holocaust ", and he credited the piece with earning Reich a place among the great composers of the 20th century.
In , Reich collaborated with his wife, the video artist Beryl Korot , on an opera, The Cave , which explores the roots of Judaism, Christianity and Islam through the words of Israelis, Palestinians , and Americans, echoed musically by the ensemble. The work, for percussion, voices, and strings, is a musical documentary, named for the Cave of Machpelah in Hebron , where a mosque now stands and Abraham is said to have been buried.
Reich and Korot collaborated on the opera Three Tales , which concerns the Hindenburg disaster , the testing of nuclear weapons on Bikini Atoll , and other more modern concerns, specifically Dolly the sheep , cloning , and the technological singularity.
Reich used sampling techniques for pieces like Three Tales and City Life from Reich returned to composing purely instrumental works for the concert hall, starting with Triple Quartet in written for the Kronos Quartet that can either be performed by string quartet and tape, three string quartets or piece string orchestra.
The instrumental series for the concert hall continued with Dance Patterns , Cello Counterpoint , and sequence of works centered around Variations: You Are Variations , a work which looks back to the vocal writing of works like Tehillim or The Desert Music , Variations for Vibes, Pianos, and Strings in , for the London Sinfonietta and Daniel Variations In an interview with The Guardian , Reich stated that he continued to follow this direction with his piece Double Sextet , which was commissioned by eighth blackbird , an American ensemble consisting of the instrumental quintet flute, clarinet, violin or viola, cello and piano of Schoenberg 's piece Pierrot Lunaire plus percussion.
Reich states that he was thinking about Stravinsky's Agon as a model for the instrumental writing. December Nonesuch Records and Indaba Music held a community remix contest in which over submissions were received, and Steve Reich and Christian Carey judged the finals. Reich spoke in a related BBC interview that once he composed a piece he would not alter it again himself; "When it's done, it's done," he said.
On the other hand, he acknowledged that remixes have an old tradition e. The programme also included Double Sextet for ensemble with 12 players, Clapping Music , for two people and four hands featuring Reich himself alongside percussionist Colin Currie , Electric Counterpoint , with electric guitar by Mats Bergstrom accompanied by a layered soundtrack, as well as two of Reich's small ensemble pieces, one for acoustic instruments, the other for electric instruments and tape.
The citation called it "a major work that displays an ability to channel an initial burst of energy into a large-scale musical event, built with masterful control and consistently intriguing to the ear". The American composer and critic Kyle Gann has said that Reich "may Black Emperor who titled an unreleased song "Steve Reich".
John Adams commented, "He didn't reinvent the wheel so much as he showed us a new way to ride. Suite from The Victorian Kitchen Garden. Concerto for Oboe and Orchestra.
Concerto in F minor, Op. First Suite in E Flat Revised. Piano Concerto in C. I Lift up My Eyes to the Hills. A meditation on the terrible consequences of war, the powerful work is dedicated to the victims of the Kosovo crisis. David T. Little This season sees productions of David T. Little's operas across North America. Opera Saratoga presents a world premiere of a new chamber version of his one-act comedy Vinkensport or, The Finch Opera during its Summer Festival.
This busy season for Little also includes several world premieres. Accumulation of Purpose, a project undertaken with pianist Bruce Levingston, is a solo piano piece about the famed Freedom Riders, who protested racial segregation on buses in the south and were met with brutal violence.
Additionally, Little has composed 11 songs for unaccompanied baritone called Eleven Fragments for the Book of Dreams; as part of a special collaborative project, singer David Alan Moore has added electronic accompaniment to Little's songs for presentation at National Sawdust in Brooklyn in December.
The work was commissioned by the orchestra to reflect its community and city, and is infused with recorded sounds and voices contributed by the city's residents. The sonata, which will be premiered at Carnegie Hall on October 17, explores the themes of directness and elusiveness in its textures and harmonies.
Additionally, Mackey's recent orchestral work Mnemosyne's Pool receives performances by St.The discography of the Kronos Quartet includes 43 studio albums, two compilations, five soundtracks, and 29 contributions to other artists' records. The Kronos Quartet plays classical, pop, rock, jazz, folk, world and contemporary classical music (often written especially for them by for instance Philip Glass, Terry Riley, Alexandra Vrebalov, ) and was founded in by violinist David Compilation albums: 2.