From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Edward Elgar. Violin Concerto —10 Romance Cello Concerto — Symphony No. Elgar film. The Daily Telegraph was quoted as saying, "[T]hematic beauty is abundant. It is exquisite in the adagio, and in the first and second allegros, the latter a kind of scherzo; when the rhythmic impulse, the power and the passion are at their extreme height, when the music becomes almost frenzied in its superb energy, the sense of sheer beauty is still strong.
The composer has written a work of rare beauty, sensibility, and humanity, a work understandable of all. The Musical Times refrained from quoting The Observer , which was the only dissenting voice among the main newspapers. It complained that the work was derivative of Felix Mendelssohn , Johannes Brahms and Richard Wagner , and thought the theme of the slow movement "cheap ready-made material". It allowed, however, that "Elgar's orchestration is so magnificently modern that the dress disguises the skeleton.
The Times noted the influence of Wagner and Brahms: "There are characteristic reminiscences of Parsifal The work is the only frequently-performed symphony whose main key is A-flat major.
It is scored for three flutes one doubling piccolo , two oboes and cor anglais , two clarinets and bass clarinet , two bassoons and contrabassoon , four horns , three trumpets , three trombones , tuba , timpani , percussion including snare drum , bass drum and cymbals , two harps , and strings. It is in four movements:.
The symphony is in a cyclic form : the incomplete "nobilmente" theme from the first movement returns in the finale for a complete grandioso statement after various transformations throughout the work. In the s the orchestra debated whether to concentrate on film work at the expense of symphony concerts; many senior players left when the majority of players rejected the idea.
By the s the LSO had recovered its leading position, which it has retained subsequently. In , to perform alongside it in choral works, the orchestra established the LSO Chorus , originally a mix of professional and amateur singers, later a wholly amateur ensemble. As a self-governing body, the orchestra selects the conductors with whom it works. At some stages in its history it has dispensed with a principal conductor and worked only with guests.
Among its programmes there have been large-scale festivals celebrating composers as diverse as Berlioz , Mahler and Bernstein. The LSO claims to be the world's most recorded orchestra; it has made gramophone recordings since and has played on more than soundtrack recordings for the cinema, of which the best known include the Star Wars series. At the turn of the twentieth century there were no permanent salaried orchestras in London.
The main orchestras were those of Covent Garden , the Philharmonic Society and the Queen's Hall ; their proprietors engaged players individually for each concert or for a season. As there were competing demands for the services of the finest players it was an accepted practice that, even though under contract to play for a concert, a player was at liberty to accept a better-paid engagement if it were offered. He would then engage another player to deputise at him for the original concert and the rehearsals for it.
The treasurer of the Philharmonic Society described the system thus: "A, whom you want, signs to play at your concert. He sends B whom you don't mind to the first rehearsal.
B, without your knowledge or consent, sends C to the second rehearsal. Not being able to play at the concert, C sends D, whom you would have paid five shillings to stay away.
In , the manager of the Queen's Hall, Robert Newman and the conductor of his promenade concerts , Henry Wood , agreed that they could no longer tolerate the deputy system. After a rehearsal in which Wood was faced with dozens of unfamiliar faces in his own orchestra, Newman came to the platform and announced: "Gentlemen, in future there will be no deputies! Good morning! Orchestral musicians were not highly paid, and removing their chances of better-paid engagements permitted by the deputy system was a serious financial blow to many of them.
Busby organised a meeting at St. Andrew's Hall, not far from the Queen's Hall. Invitations were sent to present and former members of the Queen's Hall Orchestra.
About a hundred players attended. Borsdorf was a player of international reputation, and through his influence, the orchestra secured Hans Richter to conduct its first concert. In a profile of the orchestra in , The Musical Times commented:. Thus encouraged, the committee ventured to arrange for a series of symphony concerts at Queen's Hall.
They had no regular conductor, and to this day they have pursued this policy of freedom. Classics Today Insider Exclusive music reviews and news, created specifically for classical music listeners, from the serious collector to the inquisitive newcomer. Subscribe to our Weekly Newsletter Want to know first what the latest reviews are that have been posted to ClassicsToday each week? Sign up for our weekly newsletter and get them delivered straight to your inbox.
Sursum corda, Op. Dream Children, Op. Salut d'amour, Op. Chanson de nuit, Op. Chanson de matin, Op. Romantic Sad Sentimental. Sexy Trippy All Moods. Drinking Hanging Out In Love. Introspection Late Night Partying. Rainy Day Relaxation Road Trip.CD: Elgar – Sea Pictures & Symphony No. 1 LPO conducted by Vernon Handley. Elgar Sea Pictures 1. Sea Slumber Song 2. In Haven 3. Sabbath Morning at Sea 4. Where Corals Lie 5. The Swimmer. Elgar Symphony No. 1 in A-flat major Vernon Handley CBE conductor Dame Janet Baker contralto London Philharmonic Orchestra David Nolan leader.